The Last Line
What Is Climate Change

What Is Climate Change

Climate change is generally acknowledged as humanity’s most pressing problem. The main cause of global warming is basically human activity. What we do can greatly affect climate change and bring about negative effects. That said, we also know that we have the expertise, technology, and tools to address the problem in ways that benefit the poorest and most vulnerable in societies.

The atmosphere of the Earth is part of a global mechanism that holds the planet’s temperature within a habitable scope.  Since the start of significant events, particularly the Industrial Revolution, our communities have been changing the atmospheric composition. This is brought by consuming fossil fuels including coal, petroleum, and gasoline. 

The greenhouse effect generally results from the accumulation of carbon dioxide (CO2) in the atmosphere. The greenhouse effect absorbs solar energy and increases the Earth’s temperature, and it is this rising temperature that most people refer to when they say “global warming” or “climate change.  

Methane emission is primarily caused by petroleum products and livestock domestication, nitrous oxide released by nitrogen-based fertilizers, and hydrofluorocarbons are all significant greenhouse gases.

Climate change’s wide-ranging effects cause changes in different aspects, including environmentally, economically, and socially. Both of these effects are intertwined, so a regression of one result may exacerbate another.